Sustainable Land Management (SLM) in Ethiopia
Ethiopia, with 1.13 million sq km area coverage, is characterised by considerable diversification in bio-physical environment, cultural and ethnic composition. Its lowest and highest elevation points vary from the Kobat Sink of Danakil depression that falling 125 meters below sea level to the Ras Dashen Mountain that raises 4,620 meters above sea level. Along this range, different physiographic feature: massive highlands, rugged mountains, flat topped plateaus and deep gorges are evident. The highlands and rugged massive mountains make Ethiopia’s central part but divided by the Great Rift Valley and surrounded by lowlands. The difference in landforms has resulted in different micro-climate, which, in turn come up in creating diversified ecosystems. This difference in micro-climate has given for the variation in soil properties, vegetation cover, water and other natural resources types. Successively, this has influenced historical and current settlement patterns of Ethiopians.